Cork Tech Talk Blog

Aqueous coatings formulated for the graphic arts industry may be thermoplastic or thermosetting, solution or emulsion polymer blends. Thermoplastic coatings dominate. They are comprised of approximately 60% water, plus property enhancing components including plasticizers, waxes, surfactants, coalescent aids, antifoams and possibly optical brighteners.

Read more: Storing and Handling Aqueous Coatings in Cold Temperatures


The control of humidity is critical in offset printing in order to optimize productivity. It is well known that dry air causes paper to lose its moisture so that wrinkling, paper jams, and register issues are likely due to a pick-up in static electricity. A humidity level of 45 to 50% is recommended for paper storage, pre-press, and pressroom environments.

Read more: Using Humidity Control to Optimize Pressroom Productivity

How Foam is Formed

Foam consists of bubbles that are formed when air or a gas is trapped in a liquid or solid substance. Certain conditions are required for foam to be formed. Mechanical work or agitation is required, as are surfactants that reduce surface tension, so that work increases surface area. Also, foam must be formed faster than it breaks down. In most foams the volume of air or gas is large with a very thin film of liquid, or solid material enveloping the bubbles.

Read more: Foam can be a Problem in Coatings

The Success of Aqueous Coatings 

The use of aqueous coatings by the printing industry is, without doubt, a success story that now sees many millions of pounds of coating used annually to protect and enhance the printed material. This success has not always come easy, as the processes of printing involve many variables which must be in control in order to produce the desired, saleable result. These variables are inherent to the printing and coating processes themselves, and encompass such things as color shift, substrate, inks (pigments), coating, fountain solution, ink coverage, speed, drying, handling, shipping, and last but not least, the effects of the environment. 

Read more: Color Shift & Aqueous Coatings

Viscosity Overview 

Viscosity is a measure of a fluid’s resistance to flow. It describes the internal friction of a moving fluid due to its molecular makeup. A high viscosity (thick) fluid resists motion because of high internal friction, while a low viscosity (thin) fluid flows readily because of low internal friction. Viscosity is measured because it is important to the successful application of coatings. Viscosity has a direct relationship to the amount of coating applied by coating equipment. Coatings are formulated to be applied at a particular viscosity in order to optimize final properties.

Read more: Why and How Viscosity is Measured

Folding Carton Paperboard Choices

Substrate Options

Superior folding cartons begin with the proper choice of substrate, paperboard with the performance and graphics quality to successfully market the packaged product. The wide variety of substrates available to the folding carton producer make it easy to make the wrong choice. Converters must carefully assess printability, packaged product protection, package design requirements, processability, and package value to appreciate the tradeoffs. Folding cartons represent a form of paperboard packaging that is constructed from 10 to 36-point (thick) board. These board types consist of a wide range of virgin and/or recycled grades (SBS, FBB, SUS, CUK, CRB, UKB, etc.). These grades possess varying characteristics that make each right for specific packaging requirements. 

Read more: Folding Carton Paperboard Choices

Growth of UV Ink in the Global Printing Ink Market 

UV Ink as a component of the global printing ink market has been forecast to grow at a 15.7% CAGR between 2015-2020 to reach $3.5 billion in 2020. Currently the global market for UV coatings has a value of $3,430. million with a future forecast projecting sustained growth of 6.1% CAGR by 2026 or $ 6,187 million.Figures courtesy Allied Research Markets & Future Markets Insights New opportunities for growth continue to be identified, while there is increasing penetration of known and new markets with ever expanding new applications. There is now a greater than 40-year period of sustained growth. 

Read more: UV Growth Continues Unabated

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